The Glory of Muslim Era- Science
The Nation

The Glory of Muslim Era- Science

The Muslims are the pioneer of Science and technology in this world. Muslims have very rich history related to the science, mathematics and algebra. Muslims have done many inventions that change the world. Muslims are famous for their contributions in the field og science, technology, mathematics, algebra etc. The world famous scientist Jabir ibn Hayyan is known as the “Father of Chemistry”.

Famous Muslim Scientists:

The famous Muslim scientists in the field of astronomy are Sind ibn Ali, Ali Qushji, Ahmad Khani, Ibrahim al-Fazari, Muhammad al-Fazari, Al-Khwarizmi, Abu Ma’shar al-Balkhi, Al-Farghani, Al-Majriti, Kushyar ibn Labban, Abu Sa’id Gorgani, Al-Mahani, Abu Nasr Mansur, Al-Farghani, Abu-Mahmud al-Khujandi, Ibn Yunus, Ibn al-Haytham, Omar Khayyám, Nur Ed-Din Al Betrugi, Sharaf al-Dīn al-Tusi, Mo’ayyeduddin Urdi, Shams al-Dīn al-Samarqandi, Taqi al-Din Muhammad ibn Ma’ruf, Mu’ayyad al-Din al-‘Urdi.

If we talk about the Biologists, neuroscientists, and psychologists, the famous Muslim Scientists in this field are Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari, Ahmed ibn Sahl al-Balkhi, Al-Farabi, Ali ibn Abbas al-Majusi, Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi, Ibn al-Haytham, Al-Biruni, Syed Ziaur Rahman, and Mohammad Samir Hossain. The famous Muslim scientists in the field of Chemistry are Khalid ibn Yazid, Jafar al-Sadiq, Jābir ibn Hayyān, Abbas Ibn Firnas, Al-Kindi, Al-Majriti, Ibn Miskawayh, Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī, Avicenna, Al-Khazini, Nasir al-Din Tusi, Ibn Khaldun, Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, Al-Khwārizmī, Ahmed H. Zewail, Mostafa El-Sayed, Abdul Qadeer Khan, Atta ur Rahman and Omar M. Yaghi.

The famous Muslim Scientists in the field of Economics and social sciences are Abu Hanifa an-Nu‘man, Abu Yusuf, Al-Saghani, Shams al-Mo’ali Abol-hasan Ghaboos ibn Wushmgir, Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī, Ibn Sīnā, Ibn Miskawayh, Al-Ghazali, Al-Mawardi, Nasīr al-Dīn al-Tūsī, Ibn al-Nafis, Ibn Taymiyyah, Ibn Khaldun, Al-Maqrizi, Akhtar Hameed Khan, Muhammad Yunus, Shah Abdul Hannan and Mahbub ul Haq. If we talk about the Geographers and earth scientists the famous Muslim Scientists in this field are Al-Masudi, Al-Kindi, Ibn Al-Jazzar, Al-Tamimi, Al-Masihi, Ali ibn Ridwan, Muhammad al-Idrisi, Ahmad ibn Fadlan, Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī, Avicenna, Abd al-Latif al-Baghdadi, Ibn al-Nafis, Ibn Jubayr, Ibn Battuta, Ibn Khaldun, Piri Reis and Evliya Çelebi.

The famous Muslim Scientists in the field of Mathematics are Masatoshi Gündüz Ikeda, Cahit Arf 1910 Selanik, Ali Qushji Ali KUŞÇU, Al-Hajjāj ibn Yūsuf ibn Matar, Khalid ibn Yazid, Muhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī, Abd al-Hamīd ibn Turk, Abū al-Hasan ibn Alī al-Qalasādī, Abū Kāmil Shujā ibn Aslam, Al-Abbās ibn Said al-Jawharī, Al-Kindi, Banū Mūsā, Ja’far Muhammad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir, Al-Hasan ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir, Al-Khwarizmi, Al-Mahani, Ahmed ibn Yusuf, Al-Majriti, Al-Battani, Al-Farabi, Al-Nayrizi, Abū Ja’far al-Khāzin, Abu’l-Hasan al-Uqlidisi, Al-Saghani, Abū Sahl al-Qūhī, Abu-Mahmud al-Khujandi, Abū al-Wafā’ al-Būzjānī, Ibn Sahl, Al-Sijzi, Ibn Yunus, Abu Nasr Mansur, Kushyar ibn Labban, Al-Karaji, Ibn al-Haytham, Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī, Ibn Tahir al-Baghdadi, Al-Nasawi, Al-Jayyani, Abū Ishāq Ibrāhīm al-Zarqālī, Al-Mu’taman ibn Hud, Omar Khayyám, Al-Khazini, Ibn Bajjah, Al-Ghazali, Al-Marrakushi, Al-Samawal, Ibn Rushd, Ibn Seena, Hunayn ibn Ishaq, Ibn al-Banna, Ibn al-Shatir, Ja’far ibn Muhammad Abu Ma’shar al-Balkhi, Jamshīd al-Kāshī, Kamāl al-Dīn al-Fārisī, Muḥyi al-Dīn al-Maghribī, Mo’ayyeduddin Urdi, Muhammad Baqir Yazdi, Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, Qāḍī Zāda al-Rūmī, Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi, Shams al-Dīn al-Samarqandī, Sharaf al-Dīn al-Tūsī, Taqi al-Din Muhammad ibn Ma’ruf, Ulugh Beg and Al-Samawal al-Maghribi.

Inventions of Muslim Scientists:

The Muslim Scientists have done significant inventions like Algebra, Mechanism of Breathing, Cryptography, Refinement, Surgery, Length of the solar year, Quadratic equations, Law of Refraction, Shape of earth, Vaccinations and Drugs, Pin-Hole Camera, Windmills, Parachute, Astrolabes, Gun powder, Crankshaft, Telescope, Pendulum, Clocks, Submarine, Tooth Brush, Coffee, Fountain Pen, Paper, Quilting, Soap and Shampoo, Glass and lens, Guitar and Lute, Perfume, Soup, Hospitals, Planetarium, Gardens, First University, Pointed arches and Domes, Pay Cheques, Graphic Processing Unit, Sky Scraper, Video hosting service with web browser, Electronic Tape Music and many many more that changed the world.

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